Globe Lumber Company at Yellow Pine, Louisiana, in 1902; excerpts from the American Lumberman magazine.
Source: American Lumberman. "From Tree to Trade in Yellow Pine." American Lumberman, July 2, 1904, 47-116. Chicago: American Lumberman, 1904.

Globe Lumber Company, Limited.
The Globe Lumber Company, Limited, of Yellow Pine, Webster parish, Louisiana, has come to a full fruition of a great success.

In March, 1898, R. L. Trigg and confreres sold their possessions to R. A. Long and others. Mr. Trigg was for a time manager, then the management went to the late William Layton Mace. He was succeeded by T. H. Rogers, and July 1, 1901, the present manager, J. W. Martin, succeeded Mr. Rogers.

The Globe Lumber Company, Limited, has forged into a position among southern mills which is certainly enviable, as the most cursory perusal of the story which follows will indicate.

The present officers of the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, are R. A. Long, president; C. B. Sweet, vice president; J. W. Martin, treasurer and general manager, and S. T. Woodring, secretary.

The Louisiana home of the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, is at Yellow Pine, La., a station on the Sibley, Lake Bistineau & Southern railway, six miles from Sibley, La., which is the junction point of the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific and Louisiana & Arkansas railroads and one terminus of the road first above mentioned.


Yellow Pine, La.
Yellow Pine, La., is not just a "pretty saw mill town," it is a pretty place without qualification. It is built on rolling ground and contains several very fine residences and public buildings worthy of pictorial note in this text.

There is a fine school building and in the public schools 120 pupils are enrolled. The school is taken care of by two teachers.

The second story of the school building is used by the Woodmen of the World, the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and a Blue Lodge body of Masons. There is also a fine union church edifice.

Such portion of the health of the community as is not regulated by the perfect sanitation and the natural health of the locality is looked after by two company physicians, one of whom resides in Yellow Pine and the other at Ringgold, a station on the Sibley, Bistineau & Southern road nearer the woods end of the proposition than is Yellow Pine.


Timber Lands and Logging.
The company owns 56,000 acres of timber land. The pine is of the shortleaf variety and of a very high class and character, not unlike the superior short-leaf pine of Arkansas and the old time cork pine of Michigan. The logging is done over the Sibley, Lake Bistineau & Southern road.

In the woods the logging proper is done with horses, mules and oxen.

Fine pictures of the teams that do the work in the woods are appropriately shown in the illustrated story accompanying this text.

The logs are hauled to the skidways on 24 log wagons and by four slip-tongue carts.

This being a shortleaf pine proposition and the trees necessarily fewer in number to an acre than in longleaf, a goodly part of the expense of logging is the matter of hauling the logs to the spur track for loading. At present this is accomplished by 72 cattle, 68 mules and 24 horses.

Some of the logging also is done by contract; often as many as 20 contract teams are working in the woods.

There are at present three camps; the headquarters camp 19 miles from Yellow Pine, the mule camp 20 miles from Yellow Pine and the ox camp 22 miles from Yellow Pine.

At present all of the loading of logs on the cars is done with teams and not less than 250 men work in the woods.

The company is seriously discussing the question of putting in a log loader or skidder, probably the former.

Nearly all of the men who work in the camps live in the woods at one or the other of the camps mentioned and for their accommodation portable houses are in service, each 11x26 feet in size, fitted with two doors and six windows. These houses are painted and are kept in excellent condition. A boarding house for the use of the single men is kept at each of the camps and in the headquarters camp there are several permanent buildings.

The stock is housed in two portable stables which have been erected without driving a nail and can be readily taken apart and re-erected in a short time when necessary. At the headquarters camp is a portable commissary, where a fine stock of goods is kept of all the things that are found necessary for the men to use.

The Globe Lumber Company, Limited, management is an advocate of the closest possible stump cutting that men can be induced to do. They cut down at the present time to about 20 inches in height.


The Sibley, Lake Bistineau & Southern Railway.
The Sibley, Lake Bistineau & Southern railway, over which road all the logs are hauled for the use of the company, is a traffic line of great importance to the people who live in this section of Louisiana.

The local officers of the road are J. W. Martin, general manager, and C. P. Perkinson, auditor.

The Sibley, Lake Bistineau & Southern Railway Company has all told forty-five miles of road and is a standard gage, as well ballasted and put down as any road in the south. The rails are of 35 and 40 pound steel, the 35 pound being used only on the spurs.

The general direction of the road from Sibley is to the southwest for two miles, then west directly to Yellow Pine. The road runs across Webster and Bienville parishes into Red River parish.

The locomotives used consist of a 23-ton eight wheel Baldwin; a 42-ton Rogers rod engine; a 28-ton Shay geared engine; and a 43-ton ten wheel Baldwin with pony trucks front and rear.

The total number of cars in use is 91 -- 77 being log cars, four steel cars, eight boarding cars and two caboose cars.

Log Storage.
The plan for log storage at the plant of the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, is the usual scheme of a made pond which is fed by drainage. A stream also runs through it and in addition to this it is fed by the overflow from the tank.

This log pond at Yellow Pine will easily hold a million feet of logs.


The Saw Mill.
The saw mill building is 80x196 feet in area and three stories high.

The boiler house is built of brick and is 62x69 feet in area.

The mill is new and complete in every respect and contains three McDonough band mills, accompanied by all kinds of up to date complementary labor saving machinery.

In connection with the saw mill there is a lath mill which produces about 40,000 lath daily.

The power is generated in seven boilers each 60 inches by 16 feet and is transmitted by a Corliss engine 24x42 inches cylinder.

The mill is modern in all respects and has a capacity of 165,000 feet of lumber a day.


Drying and Handling Rough Lumber.
There is at the north end of the saw mill a timber dock for loading timbers, also another at the south end where partial loads can be handled by wagon.

The rough clear and select stock is taken by the rolls and chains to three Fullerton stackers 50 feet north of the saw mill and from there on transfers to the dry kiln.

The yard stock which runs out onto the sorting table is passed over a live loader shaft from whence it is loaded onto the wagons and is carried directly to the yard. The stock that goes to the yard is handled by five wagons.

The dry kilns are located at the regulation distance from the stackers and are six in number -- one room of brick and five of frame. The dry kilns are used both for the drying of lath and of the good lumber and will hold 300,000 feet of lumber all told.

The sheds for the rough lumber are two in number, one 50x500 and another 50x300, and will hold all told 3,000,000 feet of stock and contain 40,000 square feet of floor space.


Dressing and Handling Lumber.
All lumber is brought to the planing mill situated several hundred feet northwest of the saw mill. This is done very cheaply. There are fifty yard wagons in commission at Yellow Pine.

The lumber is taken from the dry kilns from the kiln cars and put on dollies; and it is the policy of the company to carry all the flooring stock directly to the planing mill.

The planing mill building is 80 feet wide by 231 feet long.

The power to run the planing mill is generated in three boilers 54 inches by 16 feet and two 60 inches by 16 feet.

There are two engines, one 22x26 Wickes slide valve and one 13x16 Ball automatic, the latter engine running none of the mill machinery -- simply the fan.

The planing mill machinery consists of one Hoyt 8x30 sizer, one Hoyt 12x30 sizer, one Woods 15-inch matcher, one Hall & Brown outside molder, eight Hall & Brown Mississippi matchers, one Hall & Brown rip saw, one Hoyt edger and rip saw, one Hall & Brown circular and resaw, one Mershon standard band resaw and the usual complement of cut-off saws etc.

The various dressed lumber sheds of easy access to the mill are of the following sizes: 30x150 feet, 30x200 feet, 70x140 feet, 80x300 feet and 60x120 feet, showing a total floor capacity of 51,500 square feet and will hold 4,000,000 feet of lumber so that ample provision has been made for any kind of an emergency that might occur in the way of dressed stock.


Electric Lights and Telephone.
The electric light plant of the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, is described as 30 K. W. It is composed of a 125-volt directly acting current to six arc lamps and to 300 incandescent lamps. The company has a very fine telephone system, which runs from Sibley to Camp Long, twenty-four miles, and which has seven instruments at the various places where they will do the most good. They cut in also to the Cumberland Telephone Company’s long distance line.


The Machine Shop.
West of the saw mill in a special building is located the blacksmith and machine shop. In a blacksmith way the shop contains two blast forges. In a machine shop way it is supplied with lathes, planer, shaper, drill press and a thread, nut and tapping machine. The machine shop tools are driven by a 10x12 Filer & Stowell automatic engine, the power coming from an independent boiler of sufficient size to run the shop.

The shop is supplied with two pits for locomotive work. It does all the repairs for the locomotives and cars and the mill machinery with the exception of locomotive work concerning the drivers.


Fire Protection.
The supply of water for fire protection is secured about a mile distant from Yellow Pine from an ever running stream and is forced through the pipes. There is in and about the plant 15,840 line 1 feet of water mains and laterals.

There are all told about eighty hydrants and a full complement of hose to cover any emergency. The water pipes are arranged with cutoffs between all hydrants so that in case of a break the water can be shut off on each side and no disastrous results occur and the stream kept playing without intermission.


Sales Department.
The sales department of the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, at Yellow Pine, La., is under the direct and intelligent management of S. T. Woodring and all sales are made direct from Yellow Pine.

The shipping advantages of Yellow Pine are re-remarkably fine. The Sibley, Bistineau & Southern railway has joint tariff arrangements with the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific road, which lets the mill into all the southwestern trade and into any portion of the east, as will be readily appreciated. Also at Sibley it has joint tariffs with the Louisiana & Arkansas that lets its product out to all points reached by the Cotton Belt from Stamps, Ark., and to all points reached by the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern from Hope; therefore all Missouri Pacific points and also all

Frisco system and Chicago & Eastern Illinois points and their various and sundry and almost universal connections in all directions.

The southwestern connections are over the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific, the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, the Texas & Pacific and Kansas City Southern. This arrangement of connections insures a continually good car supply. During the year 1903, when the southern and southwestern mills were so badly crippled, the Globe Lumber Company, Limited, was not especially damaged for lack of cars.

The Globe Lumber Company, Limited, congratulates itself on making absolutely everything that can be or is made of yellow pine stock; that it handles lath; that it has a Byrkit-Hall lath mill; that it can surface timbers 12x12; that it makes a specialty of high grade flooring, casing, base and molding out of strictly kiln dried stock, and especially and particularly that it keeps in close touch with its customers by correspondence and gets out lists. The lists that the company sends out are looked after particularly, both as to typographical excellence and frequency and thoroughness with which they are sent out.

This company now enjoys trade in Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, Oklahoma, Indian Territory, Ohio.

Text and images were digitized and proofread from the original source documents by Murry Hammond. Contact Murry for all corrections and contributions of new material.